CULTURE / Machu Picchu nº 2

Machu Picchu No. 2



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Machu Picchu (from southern Quechua Machu Picchu, “old mountain”) is the contemporary name given to an Inca llaqta (ancient Andean town) built in the mid-15th century on the rocky promontory that joins the Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu mountains in the eastern slope of the Cordillera Central, south of Peru and 2490 meters above sea level.

This place is very famous and we can compare it to the three pyramids in Egypt. Machu Picchu is a world heritage site and it is not only this construction; Rather, this place belongs to the historic sanctuary of Machu Picchu, which is a protected area of ​​just over 33,000 hectares that is located in the rugged Yungas rain forest, on the eastern slope of the Peruvian Andes, on both banks of the Urubamba river that through here it runs in a northwesterly direction.

And it is an internationally renowned natural protected area, well known for the presence of impressive Inca archaeological complexes, archaeological sites and monuments of high historical-cultural value. This is supposed to have been built by the Hincas in 1438 and abandoned 100 years later after the Spanish conquest.

Official historians always assign these constructions to a relevant historical figure, whether real or invented, although as we know this has nothing to do with reality, in this case they attribute it to Pachacutec, which was characterized by its territorial conquests, for the development of spirituality, religion and he also had skills as a builder and engineer and was the one who designed this place.

Let’s see why this one is really good: It turns out that they did not know iron and they transported the stones by placing tree trunks underneath and pulling with ropes made of vegetable and animal fibers.

And it turns out that Pachacutec himself had skills and knowledge of architecture and engineering. That is what the history of Peru says. Something that clashes with the affirmation by the official historians that in the time of Pachacútec they used a stone to hit another stone and give it shape, they did not know the wheel or writing and they transported the stones by placing logs underneath and pulling with ropes .

The official story also assumes that this was a resting place for the royal king and to worship their Gods, therefore it could be a ceremonial construction, which could also be a military construction and it is also said that it could be a necropolis, because Human burials have been found.

As we know from official archeology, when they see a burial they say that this place is a tomb or a necropolis and they do not wonder why people thousands of years ago buried their loved ones in these places. Since these places have been inhabited and used as a burial place for thousands of years.

Let’s say that archaeologists and historians, even though they question the official version a lot, do not speak because they set the editorial line and if not, they run the risk of losing their job.

It is said that this place was discovered by the historian and explorer Hiran Bingan in 1911, who, guided by local shepherds, arrived at Machu Pichu and took a series of very interesting photographs, which today are very valuable. But it is also said that a Peruvian named Agustin Lizarraga in 1902, before Bingan, found Machu Picchu and left an inscription on a stone from the temple of the three windows, which was later erased by Bingan.

And surely many more people would know about this site. I even believe that there was a German who before 1902 was dedicated to selling souvenirs found in Machu Pichu.

But the one who had the power to spread it was Hiran Bingan because he was a historian, an American, and he had a camera that was very important at that time. Who with the help of the National Geographic Society, Yale University and even the Peruvian government, managed to make it known throughout the world.

Bingham began his excavation work around the area in 1912 and finished it in 1915; During those three years he managed to remove the thick vegetation that was covering a huge part of this find, and found multiple niches belonging to the inhabitants of this supposed Inca city.

In this place that is at 2490m. above sea level and has a constructed area of ​​530 m. long by 200m. wide, in which there are 172 buildings. There are three different types of construction, although all of them were made or were being made by the true builders, who were that race that came from the stars to leave their DNA, their civilization and their culture. They left their DNA, which is us, but they did not leave their technology because the construction of all this type of wonderful and always enigmatic places that are all over the world was aborted, before leaving it to us. One of which is Machu Picchu.

Of course the builders were not the men of the time of Pachacutec, who did not know iron, nor writing, nor the wheel and the only tool they knew was a stone to hit another stone, according to the official historians of Peru.

Rather, it was that race whose descendants inhabit these countries today and who have racial traits that we can identify as South Americans. Whose racial traits correspond to the traits of true builders. That is to say, the ancestors of that race that today inhabits different countries of South America: Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Mexico and others, although there are currently mixtures. The ancestors of this race are not Pachacutec, which is also; but they are that race that came from the stars 12,500 years ago and were as human as we are.

One of these three differentiated constructions are those terraces that go down almost vertically where you can grow crops and that, thanks to their composition, look like large steps built on the slope, which in some places have a very steep slope.

They are structures made up of a stone wall and a filling of different layers of material (large stones, smaller stones, gravel, clay and farmland), and which serve to prevent erosion, since this place is 12,500 years old and is a place of heavy rainfall where it rains throughout the year, then the water filters slowly through these terraces and does not cause erosion.

Rafael Alfonso Alfaro Garcia.

CULTURE / Machu Picchu nº 2