Queen Elizabeth II of England died, but she was ‘the rock’ on which the modern United Kingdom was built. Humanity remembers her as one of the characters she has written and has shaped many of the most relevant chapters in history.
The coffin of Queen Elizabeth II will be taken to the Scottish cathedral of St Giles, in Edinburgh, in three days and will lie there for 24 hours, in which citizens can come to pay their respects.
The lifeless body of the sovereign, who died on September 8, 2022 at the age of 96 at Balmoral Castle (Scotland), will first be transferred to the Holyrood residence, seat of the Scottish Parliament, and from there it will be taken predictably on Sunday to the cathedral, located on the Royal Mile in Edinburgh, halfway between the two buildings.
After the news was announced, the Rev. Calum MacLeod, minister of that temple, recalled that the queen was a “strong and faithful servant.”
“With the entire nation, at St Giles Cathedral we mourn the death of Her Majesty the Queen, a strong and faithful servant to the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth for many years,” the religious said on the temple’s website.
The cathedral will officiate a service for the sovereign and her children are expected to come in the coming days to watch over their mother’s body, in what is known as the Vigil of the princes. EFE
The life of Queen Elizabeth II
Elizabeth Alexandra Mary was born on April 21, 1926 in London, England. Her parents were the Duke of York George VI and Elizabeth I (who later became King and Queen).
He was named after his mother, Queen Elizabeth; her paternal great-grandmother, Queen Alexandra, and her paternal grandmother, Queen Mary.
She was not named heir apparent to the throne when her uncle, King Edward VII, abdicated, because there was the possibility of an heir.
Her official title since March 26, 1953 is: Elizabeth II, by the Grace of God, of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and Queen of Her Other Realms and Territories, Head of the Commonwealth of Nations and Defender of Faith. She is the sixth woman to ascend the British throne and the longest-reigning monarch. In September 2015, she broke the record set by her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, after 63 years and 216 days on the throne.
April 21: Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Maria is born, third in line to the throne and first of the children of the royal family to be baptized in the Buckingham Palace chapel.
December 11: Elizabeth becomes heir presumptive when her father becomes King George VI, following the abdication of his brother, King Edward VIII.
May 12: Elizabeth attends the coronation of her parents, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth. She is the first woman who, being her heiress presumptive, sees her parents crowned.
World War II begins. Elizabeth moves, along with her sister, to the Royal Castle of Windsor. It is believed that this was the period in which Elizabeth met Prince Philip of Greece.
King George VI appoints Elizabeth honorary colonel of the 500th Grenadier Guards Regiment of the Royal Army with whom she makes her official public debut at Windsor Palace.
Elizabeth is appointed member of the Privy Council and the Council of State, which is enabled to take over the functions of the king during his absence from the country.
Princess Elizabeth marries Philip. After receiving British citizenship and relinquishing his Greek title, Philip becomes Royal Highness to Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Elizabeth acquires the title of Duchess of Edinburgh.
King George VI dies of lung cancer and Elizabeth ascends the throne. The queen decrees that she and her descendants will continue to use the Windsor surname, first adopted by the British royal family during World War I.
The coronation takes place in Westminster Abbey.
Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip make their first state visit to the United States. She delivers her first speech to the United Nations General Assembly.
Queen Elizabeth II dedicates one hectare of Runnymede land to build a memorial to US President John F. Kennedy.
A teenager, Marcus Simon Sarjeant, shoots the Queen six times as she takes part in a parade in London. He is arrested and charged with treason.
The Queen addresses a joint session of the United States Congress.
She is the first British monarch to do so.
Prime Minister John Major announces that the Queen will start paying taxes on her personal income. Her personal fortune is estimated at $11.7 billion.
For the first time, Buckingham Palace is open to the public. The money raised from the tours goes to help pay for the restoration of Windsor Castle.
nineteen ninety five
After intense media coverage of the Prince and Princess of Wales’s estrangement and extramarital affairs, the Queen is urging them to divorce.
The Queen addresses the nation live and on television to express her grief at the death of Princess Diana.
The Queen and Prince Philip are visiting the United States for the 400th anniversary of the arrival of the first British company in the country, at Jamestown in 1607.
He meets with the first lady of the United States Michelle Obama at Buckingham Palace. Both are photographed with their arms around each other. The fact powerfully draws the attention of the press, since touching the queen is not something that happens often.
Across the UK and the Commonwealth of Nations various celebrations are held to mark the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee, or her 60th anniversary on the throne.
She becomes the longest reigning monarch in British history and a new image of the Queen is revealed to be used on UK coins.
She is the first British monarch to celebrate the Sapphire Jubilee, 65 years on the throne.
Buckingham Palace announces that Harry and Meghan, the Duke and Duchess of Sussex, are no longer working members of the royal family.
The Duke of Edinburgh, Prince Philip, her husband of more than 7 decades, dies at the age of 99.
Jubilee: In June, after surviving the coronavirus, she was honored with the Platinum Jubilee celebration events, which were held for her 70-year reign.
Isabel II, who enjoyed the longest reign in the history of her country and one of the longest in the world, died at the age of 96. Her last moments were spent at her residence in the Scottish castle of Balmoral.
New king: The new head of state of the United Kingdom, Charles III, accedes to the throne after more than half a century as heir, a long wait that he has dedicated to philanthropy, spirituality and his commitment to the environment.
D-Day and the current line of succession
With the death of Elizabeth II, the well-known day (D) was activated. “London Bridge has fallen” is the key message that was communicated by telephone to the British Prime Minister, Liz Truss. From that moment Operation London Bridge began.
Immediately afterwards, the Prince of Wales, first in succession to the throne, addressed the nation and was proclaimed sovereign. As planned, in the days leading up to Queen Elizabeth II’s funeral, a tour will take place throughout the United Kingdom, starting in Scotland and ending in Wales. Day D+10 (day on which the state funeral will be held) will be declared a holiday. The act will take place in Westminster Abbey and the monarch will be buried in the Memorial Chapel of King George VI of Windsor Castle, next to her husband, the recently deceased Duke of Edinburgh.
- Prince of Wales: Prince Charles (1948)
- Duke of Cambridge: Prince William (1982)
- Prince George Of Cambridge (2013)
- Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (2015)
- Prince Henry of Wales (1984)
- Duke of York: Prince Andrew (1960)
- Princess Beatrice of York (1988)
- Princess Eugenie of York (1990)
- Earl of Wessex: Prince Edward (1964)
Residences of Queen Elizabeth II
The Royal Crown owns several royal residences, among which are owned by the crown are Buckigham Palace in London, which is considered the official residence and is used from Monday to Friday, Windsor Castle spends most weekends week and a month over Easter, Holyrood Palace (Edinburgh) for official travel to Scotland and Hillsborough Castle (County Down) for official travel to Northern Ireland.
Among the residences that the queen inherited from her father, King George VI, are Sandringham House in Norfolk (England), Balmoral Castle in Aberdedeenshire (Scotland) and Delnadanoh Lodge located on the grounds of Balmoral Castle.
The Crown (TV Series)
Great Britain, 1947. Princess Elizabeth (Claire Foy), heir to King George VI (Jared Harris), marries Prince Philip (Matt Smith). Years later, after the death of King George from cancer in 1953, Elizabeth ascends the throne as Elizabeth II, with Winston Churchill (John Lithgow) as Prime Minister.
This production is created and written by Peter Morgan, and is based on his play The Audience. Morgan has also been a screenwriter on two high-profile films: The Last King of Scotland (2006) and ‘Rush: Passion and Glory’ (2013). In fact, telling the life of the queen began several years ago for this Londoner, since he was also the writer of ‘The Queen’ (2006), a feature film starring Helen Mirren, whose story begins with the death of the princess Diana. Precisely for this work, Morgan won the Golden Globe for Best Screenplay.
It is a period production that follows the life of British Queen Elizabeth II from her marriage in 1947 to Philip of Edinburgh to the present day.
Some of its locations are Ely Cathedral and Dover Castle.
Claire Foy was the first actress to play the queen. With the course of the story, and by the logic of her age, Olivia Colman replaced Foy in her leading role.
Gillian Anderson joined in season four playing Margaret Thatcher.
Emma Corrin also joined that season as Diana Princess of Wales. Josh O’Connor, from the third season, played Prince Charles.
Stephen Daldry, also a producer, directed four episodes, including the first two.
Longest reigns of the United Kingdom
Queen Elizabeth II 96 years
Queen Victoria 63 years
King George III 59 years
David Ortega student of the IGAD-EFE-DLH